Annotated Bibliography


Awasthi, Abhishek Kumar and Jinhui Li. 2017. “Management of Electrical and Electronic Waste: A Comparative Evaluation of China and India.” Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews 76: 434-447. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2017.02.067.

A large amount of e-waste is being generated in both India and China, two countries who still suffer from having an informal e-waste processing sector that uses archaic methods of processing e-waste. This means, that valuable materials are disposed of rather than properly extracted for toxic chemicals and thereafter recycled. This article proposes for better implementation of e-waste management laws and policies, treatment and recycling, better education on the topic of e-waste contamination, and restriction of illegal movement of e-waste across national borders.

This article will be helpful to my study by providing an overarching perspective on e-waste in developing countries. China and India are two of the biggest countries who are receiving and generating mass amounts of e-waste and are the locations that are constantly being sent to. This will also give me more background on the environmental effects of e-waste within these two countries by providing me with an extensive background.


Bar-on, Miriam E. 2000. “The Effects of Television on Child Health: Implications and Recommendations – ProQuest.” Archives of Disease in Childhood; London: 289-292.

The primary focus of this article was to discuss the negative effects of television viewing on children and adolescents. These negative effects include violence and aggressive behavior, sex and sexuality, nutrition and obesity, substance use and abuse patterns. This article ends with giving recommendations to pediatricians as well as parents on how to help address these issues with children.

This article will be helpful to me by laying out the broad social implications of television on children and adolescents. It will help me be able to have a broad overview of these implications and therefore let me delve deeper into each of the topics addressed. The recommendations will also help me with proposing solutions to solve some of the problems that television creates.


Heacock, Michelle, Carol Bain Kelly, Linda S. Birnbaum, Åke Lennart Bergman, Marie-Noel Bruné, Irena Buka, David O. Carpenter, et al. 2016. “E-Waste and Harm to Vulnerable Populations: A Growing Global Problem.” Environmental Health Perspectives 124 (5): 550-555. doi:10.1289/ehp.1509699.

Electronic e-waste is being produced in an astonishing capacity, estimated globally to be 41.8 million tonnes in 2014. Much of the handling and disposal methods used in underdeveloped countries are often unsafe and can lead to a contaminated workforce as well as environment. This article provides an overview of the health risks accompanied with electronic e-waste as well as reviews international efforts concerned with environmental hazards, especially those affecting children. Local, national, and global efforts must target safe recycling operations that consider security issues for people who rely on e-waste processing for survival.

This article will help me by providing examples of how e-waste can cause environmental degradation in under developing countries by leaching hazardous chemicals into the air, soil, and water of the people working and living near e-waste processing sites. As well as environmental risks, there are also adverse health risks associated with e-waste especially with small children and pregnant women in these underdeveloped countries.  


Seeberger, Jessica, Radhika Grandhi, Stephani S. Kim, William A. Mase, and Tiina Reponen. 2016. “E-Waste Management in the United States and Public Health Implications.” Journal of Environmental Health 79 (3): 8-16.

The article reviews current management practices, policy challenges, potential health impacts, and toxicant exposure prevention in the United States. Currently, landfills are still a dominant method of removal of e-waste but only about half of the states have set in place a landfill ban. Perspectives as well as recommendations are provided within the article regarding the management of e-waste in the United States in order to protect public health, including executing federal legislation, protecting workers and recycling facilities from toxic exposure, and raising awareness of this developing environmental issue.

This article will help me by assessing the environmental impacts of e-waste, especially because it relates specifically to the United States. It will also help in assessing the health impacts of e-waste through the spread of toxic chemical residue from old electronics. I will also be able to assess policies regarding e-waste and the amount of headway that the US is making on the topic.


Tucker, Larry A. and Glenn M. Friedman. 1989. “Television Viewing and Obesity in Adult Males.” American Journal of Public Health 79 (4): 516-518.

This study estimated the time spent watching television with obesity and super-obesity using a group of 6,138 employed adult males. The study made sure to adjust for age, smoking status, length of workweek while gauging physical fitness and reported hours of exercise of the participants. The results showed that those who watched TV more than three hours a day were twice as likely to be obese than those who only watched less than one hour a day.

This article will be helpful in my research by specifically calling out the main problem everyone relates with television, aka obesity. This article gives me a perfect example of a case study already done that relates the health implications of watching television to that of gaining weight.